Government budgets are relayed to various assistance programs whose purpose is to encourage economic activity in small businesses. It is often asked whether these programs do in fact fulfill their purpose or maybe these budgets are wasted?A groundbreaking research jointly conducted by Ben-Gurion University and the Ministry of Industry, Trade & Labor elucidates this issue. Researchers Dr. Rami Schayek and Prof. Dov Dvir have developed an innovative model which measures the effect of government assistance programs on small businesses, identifies the most important components incorporated in the assistance program and determines which managerial, operational and behavioral activities should be focused in order to improve on business performance. The research included one hundred and thirty five small businesses which participated in the Ministry of Industry, Trade & Labor’s Standard Coaching project. This project is one of several business coaching projects run by the ITL ministry and it is designed for small and medium businesses of five to one hundred employees. A business of five to ten employees is appointed up to one hundred coaching hours. A business of eleven to one hundred employees is appointed up to one hundred and fifty hours. The coaching project finances 75% of the cost of coaching. 25% are financed by the business.Results indicate that there is a return on the tax payer’s money!Findings indicate that government assistance program involvement positively affects small business performance. The basic research model, which examined only the direct effect the assistance program has on small business performance, shows that the greater the number of quantitative components (hours of consultation; proximity of consultation encounters; range of issues incorporated into the consultation), and the higher the standard of qualitative components (level of the consultant’s professional understanding of the respective subjects of consultation; level of organization and planning of the consultation process; level of trust, commitment and mutual understanding between consultant and small business owner), the higher will be the level of performance in the small business. When adding to the model an examination of indirect effects, assistance programs are shown to affect small business performance primarily through the consultant’s influence on the small business owner which is expressed in the latter’s motivation to take action, like as attention to the service provided after the sale, understanding the fluctuation in customer preferences and the small business’s operative environment, and the need to measure and analyze customer satisfaction and respond to the customer’s complaints regarding either the service or the product provided by the small business.The consultant also affects the business owner with respect to the latter’s ability to manipulate business opportunities through utilization of competitors’ weaknesses and an understanding of the ways in which the small business as a whole may benefit the customer. Consultation raises the small business owner’s level of awareness as to the need to innovate, take risks and increase the level of activity, both in implementing changes in the service or products he provides and as regards conduct in the face of competition. In fact, the consultation process motivates the small business owner to take actions which would raise the level of market orientation and entrepreneurship in the small business, and as a result initiate an increase in its level of performance.How is it possible to win an even greater return?The findings of Dr. Schayek’s doctorate thesis supervised by Prof. Dov Dvir, facilitate recommendation on a number of issues which could intensify the effect of public assistance programs on performance in small businesses. Thus it is important that the consultant emphasize before the client that submitting reliable and comprehensive information to the consultant, as well as willingness on the part of the business owner to implement changes in accordance with decisions reached as a result of cooperation with the consultant, is paramount for the success of the assistance process and the improvement on performance in the small business. Based on the research model, the client constitutes an integral part of the assistance program. The more involved and active he becomes in the process of coaching, the greater will be the assistance program’s positive effect on the small business’ performance.In addition, the research indicates that effort must be made on the part of the consultant in improving the client’s capacity of raising finance. The client’s capital raising capabilities which, according to the model constitute a parameter in the improvement of the level of performance, will improve if the client is given an explanation as to existing finance opportunities and is prepared as to the manner in which one should approach and present the small business’ requirements before possible financing sources (such as banks or credit companies).
Do Government Assistance Programs In Fact Assist Small Businesses?
Daniel Chiriac: Creating a Life of Art by Painting Beauty
Daniel Cristian Chiriac, born 1972 in Romania, paints oil on canvas. His preferred styles are realism and surrealism. After a long period of abstractionism (before 2006), Chiriac rediscovered the beautiful paintings of the old masters. Being more and more interested in the old masters techniques, he slowly abandoned the abstract art style and turned to surrealism, fantastic realism and classical realism style. Most of his time is dedicated to his little daughters and wife and of course, creating art. Here today, he brings to us his story complete with perspicacity and personal anecdotes relating to his experience of life as an artist.What is the story behind the works you wish to focus on “Till the end of time” and “The last love of Don Juan”?Well, it’s not so much the story behind them than the fact these two paintings are my favorites.”Till the end of time” is a painted love poem to my sweet lady, Daniela. She is the sitting model for my painting.The picture is a symbol of time evanescence. Being so, all that counts in the end is love which must be preserved along the years.This painting is also my first conscientious attempt to deal with the golden proportion. I never ever, before or after this have done so many calculi for a single composition! Who’s that to tell that love isn’t mathematics?! Well, my love is mathematics… Daniela is a math teacher.As for the second painting, I was thinking about this subject for a couple of years before getting started painting it. I saw this title on the street. It was a theater play. The play is quite obscure and I didn’t see it so my composition has nothing in common with it except for the title. All the inspiration came from that title around which I developed the story starting from this question:- What if Don Juan didn’t go to hell after his last “love”?I looked over this question with an optimistic vision, somehow pre-raphaelistic, and not in a pessimistic, post-modern philosophical view ( If post-modern, I would have needed to think upon Don Juan’s last love as the term itself says: last..so, the very last of Don Juan’s loves. As if he knew it is the last one and then think what would have been his feelings about… well… I digress… let’s go back to the main story…So this is my story:What if Don Juan had stopped flying from one flower to another? According to the legend of Don Juan, he didn’t stop seducing women and his end was in hell… but, being myself a romantic type, I thought that, in certain circumstances, Don Juan could have also been seduced and so, to find “the only one” that was truly for him.This is the subject of my “The last love of Don Juan”… well, I think that the title should be “The only love of Don Juan” because I think all his “activity” was only a performance not love because I do believe in true love comprised of devotion, respect and sacrifice (unfortunately, so depreciated in these days of exacerbated egoism)… and therefore this is my version of the legend of Don Juan ending: I think that Don Juan could have found his true love with divine help only.The foreground sculptural element including the chalice, the hand and the pomegranate, represents the life of Don Juan as we knew it: full of lust, carnal pleasure, in a continuous hunt to feed the personal pleasure, all of these, under a demonic influence.With divine help – which is represented by the dodecahedron which is a symbol of the heaven substance (according to Aristotle) – Don Juan found a woman who embodied all the meanings of a virgin (note the Virgo constellation on the dodecahedron). Only a perfect Virgo could “capture” the soul of Don Juan, I think.After that, Don Juan realized that his previous life was just a mask and casts it off and then flew for his love on a silver string to the Moon. The Moon itself is at the first quarter which means that the new love is growing.I don’t know if what was in my mind is well transposed onto the canvas, but I hope I managed to do it at least a half of that.Tell me which old masters influence you:Actually, when is about influence, I can’t give a particular name I very much like Caravaggio and he influenced me. Then there are various Old Dutch painters. But, the main influence in my realist art comes from contemporary realist artists who I think are better in depictions, yet, maybe not as good on the crafting-side of making a painting. I mean by that in regards to the use of techniques that ensure a very good and long preservation of paintings.How long have you considered yourself an artist?Maybe since I was 16 or 17… not sure exactly, but I’m sure I was thinking that I have artistic skills. This was also a time when even though I wasn’t drawing a single line I considered I made art simply by walking on a street or talking to friends. My mind was way way too open to what art making is. Anyway, I became confident that I’m an artist when I began making a living through art.Tell me about your first experience painting with oil:Oh, that’s so far in the past! I was a child… Was I 7 or 8? Not sure exactly what was my age when the family friend, who also is the one who initiated me in art, made me a gift box of oil color tubes. He gave it to me and nothing more. No instructions, no guidance… nothing! As you would give a chocolate to a kid and it’s something obvious that kids know what to do with. Also, he didn’t give me a canvas. So that I painted my first oil painting on paper. That kind of paper you can find for children’s watercolors. Had no thinner either, so of course, my brushes were ruined.I remember that the greatest surprise was to see how long oils take to dry! And also, how many things get dirty… I still remember the subject was a still life of a handcrafted vase having some roses applied on it like a high-relief sculpture. In the vase were roses, too. It was my “early masterpiece” a thing for my mother to praise to her friends long afterwards. Well, quite surprisingly for me, I liked that painting, too. It’s a rule for me not liking my paintings more than a few weeks… well, with 2 – 3 exceptions.What things inspire you to create art?Things that I think are beautiful. And that can be everything. It depends by the artist’s eye. After all, isn’t the artist’s job to identify beauty where the ordinary eyes see nothing but ordinary things and so, to bring them face-to-face with that beauty through the work of art?I remember a funny situation about a thing that inspired me. Well, it’s true that it was when I was abstractionist, so I’ve got excuses. So, being at toilet and having nothing, I saw some cracks in the walls with ceramic tiles and found that design interesting. I looked over them, canalized then and came to the conclusion there’s a nice subject for a painting. If you look over my abstract gallery, you will see a polyptych painting (4 pieces), green colors predominant, few of reds and blues. That’s the resulted artwork inspired by the crackled bathroom ceramic tiles.What are you trying to convey through your art? What does it mean to you?Well, I believe that an artist is to bring up to the worldview beauty, simply beauty as the main rule. The rest must be a rare exception. I think that what doesn’t fall under this rule is not art. As I think that an artist’s eye must be trained to see beauty, I don’t try to convey nothing but beauty and this means the whole philosophy to me. No other philosophy, not any alembicated discourse like “spotted in light of art, anchored in the synergy of facts, the recourse to reality, do not elude the meanders of concrete space.”I’m walking at vegetable market and see a tasty sweet pepper for soup; I see a nice still life painting. Also, like the answer to the previous question, one may only see some cracks in the tiles, I may see a painting. So, my mission is to reveal the beauty there where no other eye sees it but the artist’s eye does.Tell me about your creative process, from the beginning of a work to its completion:Day after day, night after night, I keep ideas on the first support I may find when the inspiration strike. Most of time, the only available support is my own memory… which, unfortunately, is not my best support for the purpose. So that way many ideas are lost for good. Although, I have stored a lot of ideas on written notes or fast sketches.Funny thing is that, so often I don’t use that pile of ideas to start a new painting but the most recent idea that struck me. This why an artist must be a monk if he want almost all his ideas transposed onto the canvas (or any other support… or else learn to paint much faster, not so slow like me. As I said before, ideas come from all over the place from the restroom or vegetable market, to the actual reality at dream reality.When it is about realist paintings, I set down the model, I do the composition, and then I start painting. Quite simple. I don’t make multiple compositions to choose from as I’m confident on my first impulse. Painting process itself is a love / hate activity for me. Until 2006, all of my life, even as a kid, despite suggestions of that early mentor who gave me the first oils and who really hated abstract art, I loved abstractionism and I created accordingly. Well, there was such a joy to paint so! On good days (OK, nights) I had been painting 2, 3 or even 4 paintings! The main problem was that that joy was short lasting… like an energy drink… There’s only one painting from that period I still like – Solar Incandescence.Since surrealism and realism, I almost hate painting process itself because it’s so slow – 2 days for a small ACEO miniature (2.5 x 3.5 inches) to sometimes months for large paintings like “Till the end of time”. The reward of this pain comes greatly when the painting is ready. Yes is true, the joy of picture I have done disappears eventually, but it lasts much longer and gives me much more satisfaction and gives me a complete feeling and confidence that I’m really an artist. I didn’t see much difference between me and a carpet designer when I was abstractionist (forgive me carpet designers).When it is about surrealism, an idea becomes sketch then sketch a preliminary composition drawing. Then I search for models of objects in my surreal composition. If human bodies, it’s time for photo shooting session: me, my wife and my children. If objects of any kind, a photo shooting too. Of course, there’s always need for hand drawings as well.Then, to speed up the process, I use my computer to mock-up from photos and hand drawings into an image as close possible to the final painting picture. I may or not (most often, not) do some color studies. With that image on the display monitor, I start drawing on a paper at the same size of canvas. I make changes if I feel it is needed, I transfer it onto the canvas… and… again, the slow process of painting starts.No matter realist or surrealist, when I get the painting ready, I hide it from my view for a day or two then, I hang it on the wall. If a week or so passed and nothing on the picture “scratched” my eyes, I then consider my job done and I sign it.What exposure have you had?I had no live exposure, I mean no show in brick and stones gallery. And this is because I never could keep the required number of paintings for a show. Internet is my gallery and place for competitions. Yet, I didn’t apply to online paid competitions as I’m not a gambler. There are so many wonderful artists applying so that you must be lucky to win even when you’re very good.Yet, I have won 2 awards:First place in a competition held by ArtJudge.com – oil painting contestHonorable mention at “Genbaku Dome” art contest by Japanese PostThe most beautiful recognition for me is when my customers send me pictures of my paintings hanging on their home walls along with enthusiastic thanks.What has been the most unexpected reaction your art?It happened recently. Someone found my website last year (2012) and was amazed by an abstract expressionist triptych of 3 horses that I painted many years ago. She sent me a very surprising email according to which I’m quite a genius, at least at that moment of creation. I was very surprised by such a flattering feedback moreover finding her graduated from art academy. After this all, I had a commission. Even though I had stopped painting abstract long ago, I accepted her commission and I started painting it. She wanted me to paint for her something of same subject, same manner. I’ve told her it won’t be a copy. Something looking like it at most.I was very excited as I had rediscovered the joy of abstract painting. So excited than I didn’t see my work in an objective manner… she told me to “go wild” onto the canvas… and so, thinking that the painting was finished, I sent her pictures of it. It wasn’t the most pleasant reaction. It seemed it would be better if I had been done a copy… which I can’t.Well, I continued the work at the painting until it got a closer look to the old painting and I found it even better than the first one. Even so, the enthusiasm of my commissioner was lost for good. I found it so unexpected because of the huge difference between her first reaction and the last one. Now, you can see that commissioned painting here for sale:Do you have any regrets in your life as an artist?I may have… Not so sure… Because I don’t know if my life would be the same now… and my life it is. So, if it be to call this a regret, this is the fact that I didn’t go to art academy. When I finished up high school, I thought about what I wanted from my life and I decided I want to get rich. Soooo, I went to the Law school, where else to go in order to get rich without a dead rich relative. I was a good law student until the true calling emerged and made law study impossible for me. Hardly, I finished that school but I never practiced.Even though I consider art school not something a painter must do, yet it offers an impulse for sustained work. You know, a natural gift is nothing without training and when nothing but your own will and self-determination put you to work, the chance to become lazy is quite big.What plans do you have for the future of your art?Plans… I want my realist art to be good enough to get short-listed at the artrenewal.com annual painting contest… well, and at the BP portraiture contest (UK). I also want to do a first one-man-show in a real gallery. I don’t strive for that, but I want to take the only advantage therein of a regular job: sure and constant salary. Yes, I’ve got a job. Times are hard for making a living from art only.Do you have any advice for emerging artists?Keep hard at work always practicing and learning from any source. Promote your art as much as you can but keep watch on time spent on it. There are so many promoting a lot and creating less and so coming to a point when there is nothing new to promote. Be more artist than advertiser. Keep watching for artists you think make art better than yours. Don’t strive for a “personal touch.” Strive for a better technique first then that thing which makes your art unique, that cognoscible personal touch will appear naturally.Share something interesting in your life that relates to your art:As I told you above, I was student of Law school and during that period I barely picked up a pencil. So, my girlfriend, my lady today, didn’t know about my artistic background. I didn’t tell her a word about it. After almost an entire year since our coup de foudre, my change back to art resurfaced and I painted a couple of paintings. One day she visited my home and I showed her my work telling her my plan to make a life as an artist. A few seconds after, she was weeping silently… and this was not of joy… 5 years later I married her.How do you show your art to the public?Nearly all of my collectors are outside my country yet I do promote myself locally too in my small city. The local gallery curator still awaits my paintings for a show. I was close to achieving that 3 years ago, when I managed to keep all the necessary paintings less 4 or 5 more, when my first baby girl was born. This event needed money… so I had to sell all my available paintings and so the show was postponed.I also have a Fine Art Gallery online with photos of completed works and my own YouTube channel where viewers may watch my creative process.
The Past, Present and Future of Technology’s Evolution
In today’s world, computers, tablets and Smartphones run our lives. In a short amount of time, the explosion of technology in the market has many people never imagining their lives without it. In order to understand how we came from the dark ages to where we are today, we should first understand the evolution of technology. Most of today’s technologies were born out of purpose. Search engines are a good example, they were created to sort out the huge amounts of online data. Every new upgrade of a technology creates something that was better than before.Every time this happens, technology evolves and has become the thing that is essential today. Future new technologies come from ideas that get compounded to form new technologies. Technologies that exist today evolve into more powerful technologies that they were before. With the speed at which technology is evolving, it is no wonder why people are struggling to keep up. The following is an overview of how fast technology and the internet have evolved in just the past few years.The PastAs recent as the 1990s, the internet was a new commodity that some businesses and homes had. People at that time remember the painfully slow sound of the dial-up signal as it connected to the internet. As more people saw the value of having internet access, technology once again stepped up to eliminate the use of a phone line to access the internet with an even faster way to connect to the World Wide Web. This advance also caused websites to advance and suddenly everyone had either a Tripod or Geocities website all of their own.About this time, the blogging craze took off on the consumer level. This allowed the sharing of information to become much easier. Rather than handing over a floppy disc or CD-ROM, more people started to email documents or store larger files on a USB drive. With the advance of new technologies popping up, they would compound and form a stronger, faster and better technology. As this technology developed, it changed the way people operated, worked and coincidentally live today.The PresentSince the 1990s, internet access has popped up nearly everywhere. It is rare to find a place of business, library, or coffee shop without access to a Wi-Fi signal. Even without a Wi-Fi signal in close range, most people can still access the internet with their cellular device or Smartphone. Because of this anytime/anywhere internet access, many businesses have created web apps that will answer the consumer’s common needs. These apps or applications will do everything from sending huge amounts of information to tracking food portions with just the click of a button. One of the differences that is most noticeable with today’s internet is the ability to be personable in such an impersonal setting. It has been social media that has changed the way people engage with each other online.Even though this form of communication is superficial, it has helped people remain close that may otherwise would have lost contact all together. Even face to face conversations are becoming easier because of web/video conferencing that has broken the barriers of geography. Now, businesses can communicate with customers in more of a human manner, people can have a face to face conversation without having to travel across the country, and people can reach out to others across the world in an easier and faster manner. With all the new technologies influencing how people access each other and information, the future looks promising.The FutureTechnology will allow work to be accomplished faster and easier, internet access will become faster and more streamlined. Devices like tablets and Smartphones will keep evolving to work together better.Data between these machines will be shared automatically, which will limit the need for human involvement. More and more businesses and people will put themselves in the cloud or have everything stored online rather than on a single device. This will allow an enormous potential to change how business is done, how the traditional office will look and how companies and people will interact with each other on a daily basis. As technology continues to evolve, the world will change with it and create new ways of working together and new habits.